Glossary of Terms and Acronyms
AACC: American Association of Community Colleges
ABE: Adult Basic Education
ABOR: Arizona Board of Regents
ADA: Americans with disabilities act
Academic Program: An organized sequence or grouping of courses leading to a defined objective
such as a certificate, degree, license, and transfer to another institution, job, career, or acquisition of
selected knowledge or skills.
Academic Year: Thirty-two weeks of instruction from Fall semester through Spring semester.
Access: A student’s opportunity to enter an institution for instruction and services, enabling students
the fullest opportunity to successfully achieve their goals.
Accreditation: A signification that an institution has a purpose appropriate to higher education and
sufficient resources, programs, and services to accomplish this purpose on a continuing basis.
"Accreditation provides assurance to the public, in particular to prospective students, that an
institution has been found to meet the accrediting agency’s clearly stated requirements and criteria
and that there are reasonable grounds for believing that it will continue to meet them," North Central
Association Handbook for Accreditation.
Accrual Basis: A method of accounting in which revenues are recorded when earned and
expenditures are recorded when incurred, regardless of when cash is actually received or paid.
ADA: American’s with Disabilities Act
Add/Drop: Officially changing a student’s schedule. Advisor approval is required in selected courses
and/or due to admission status requirements.
Adjusted Level of Performance (Perkins III): A quantifiable and measurable indicator of
performance negotiated between the Arizona Department of Education and the federal Office of
Vocational and Adult Education.
Admission: The formal process of applying to attend college.
Admission Status: The category (high school graduate, mature student, special student, etc.) under which the student falls in order to start college.
Advisor: A faculty or staff member assisting a student in class selection, planning a college schedule or choosing a major.
Advisory Council/Committee: A group of community and business leaders who advise the College on the community/industry needs of particular programs. This committee may advise on such areas
as curriculum, instruction, equipment and supplies, and services to assure that the student’s have the appropriate skills and knowledge upon goal completion. The advisory committee may also contain
AGEC: See Arizona General Education Curriculum.
Allocation: Assigning one or more items of cost or revenue to one or more segments of an
organization according to benefits received, responsibilities, or other logical measures of use.
Andragogy: Art of adult education.
Appropriation: A legal authorization granted by a legislative body to make expenditures and to incur
obligations for specific purposes, usually with specific limitations as to amount, purpose, and time
Approved Vocational Technical Education Program: (Perkins III): A vocational technical education
program that achieves or is making substantial quantifiable gain toward meeting the adjusted levels of
performance. Approved or provisionally approved programs qualify for federal vocational funds.
APS: One of our conference rooms; Arizona Public Service
AQIP: Academic Quality Improvement Program
Arizona General Education Curriculum (AGEC): A 35-credit block of coursework that meet the
lower division general education requirements at all of the public Arizona state community colleges or
universities. There are three AGEC programs - AGEC-A (for transfer to liberal arts, social science and
fine arts); AGEC-B (for transfer to Business and Computer Information Systems); AGEC-S (for
transfer to natural, physical or life sciences). Students completing the AGEC will be guaranteed
admission to the public universities. If students ultimately choose a baccalaureate major, which
differs, from the completed AGEC, the student may have additional math and/or science
requirements to complete for graduation. The AGEC supersedes the TGECC.
The community colleges will identify the courses that are part of the AGEC and indicate "AGEC
Complete" on the transcript. All courses included in the AGEC must be completed with a grade of "C" or better.
Arizona General Education Curriculum in Progress: The community colleges will indicate "AGEC
in Progress" on the academic transcript if the courses in which the student is currently enrolled plus
the course work already completed will meet the requirements for completing the AGEC.
A.R.S.: Arizona Revised Statutes.
Articulation: A planned process linking educational institutions and experiences to assist students in
making a smooth transition from one level of education to another. Courses designed to provide
students a timely and non-duplicative sequence of progressive achievement. May be between high
schools and colleges, community colleges, or between community colleges and universities.
ASAA: Assessment of Student Academic Achievement; the project budget code assigned to PIE for
CCC’s assessment activities.
Assessed Valuation: An annual determination of the just or fair value of real estate or other property
by the County Assessor as a basis for levying taxes.
Assessment: The ongoing process of analyzing and evaluating CCC’s functions and activities by
examination, performance assessments, surveys, focus groups, interviews, follow-up studies or other
methods. Information gathered enables the College to understand its effectiveness and improve
educational offerings and services. Participation is appreciated and valued by members of the
Assessment Program Technical Progress Report: A publication of Principle for Institutional
Effectiveness that records assessment activities for the previous academic year.
ASSIST: Arizona State System for Information on Student Transfer. A transfer data warehouse for
tracking CCC’s students after they transfer.
Associate of Applied Science: Prepares students for entry-level employment or upgrades skills of
students already employed. Requires a minimum of 60 credit hours with a cumulative CCC grade
point average of 2.00 or higher. A minimum of 25 of these credit hours must be completed with a
grade of "C" or better.
Associate of Arts: The Associate of Arts degree includes demonstration of 4th semester language
proficiency in a language other than English. This requirement applies to the General requirements
pathway. Most of the shared majors that articulate with the General Requirements pathway have a
graduation requirement of 4th semester proficiency.
Associate of Business: A degree designed for students planning to transfer to a college or
university and requires a minimum of 60 credit hours. All courses included in the degree must be
completed with a grade of "C" or better.
Associate of General Studies Degree: A degree designed for students who wish to broaden their
knowledge, but have no university major or vocational goal in mind. Requires a minimum of 60 credit
hours with a cumulative CCC grade point average of 2.00 or higher.
Associate of Science: A degree designed for students planning to transfer to a college or university
and requires a minimum of 60 credit hours. All courses included in the degree must be completed
with a grade of "C" or better.
ASU: Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ.
ATF: Articulation Task Force. Groups established with faculty from across the state to facilitate
Attrition: Rate at which students drop a class or classes, compared to enrollment on the 45th day or
other specified time of the semester.
Audit: Enrollment in a college class without having to turn in class work or take examinations.
Students will receive no college credits for completion of the course.
Auxiliary Funds: Auxiliary Enterprises Fund - consist of those activities which are essentially selfsupporting
such as student activities.
AWC: Arizona Western College
BANNER: An administrative software application for campus wide information which resides on an
Oracle relational database management system (RDBMS) and is based on a client/server graphical
user interface (GUI) environment. In 1994, CCC licensed several products from SCT, the 3rd party
vendor. CCC agreed to apply upgrades right out of the box to minimize technical support resources
in-house and maximizes SCT maintenance support to meet the needs of the college. Products:
• General: interface between all other products. Handles processes like job submissions, sleepwake,
letter generation, population selection, pins, general person records, etc.
• Student: handles processes like admissions, registration, degree audit, recruitment, transcripts, and
registration & class fee side of accounts receivable, etc.
• Human Resources: handles processes like payroll, position control
• Financial Aid: handles processes like needs analysis, student employment, awards, etc.
• Web for products include Student, Faculty, etc. and Learning Suite, a full-service, on-line/off-line
connected learning solution, which might be licensed by CCC in the future.
Base Budget: Level of funding necessary for a unit to maintain current year services, programs or
Benchmark: A point of reference from which measurements may be made; something that serves as a standard from which others may be measured.
Bond: A written promise to pay a specified sum of money, called the face value or principal amount,
at a specified date or dates in the future, called the maturity date, together with periodic interest at a
Bond Proceeds: Debt issuance derived from the sale of bonds for the purpose of constructing major
Capital: Another word for Plant, which includes any item costing $5,000 or more with a useful life of
two years or more, library resources, buildings, or permanent improvements to a capital item.
Capital Budget: A financial plan consisting of an estimate of proposed capital (plant) expenditures/
revenues and their purposes for a given period.
Capital Outlay: An expenditure for the acquisition of plant assets, such as land, buildings, and
improvements other than buildings and equipment. Such expenditures are reported in the financial
statements as expended for plant.
CareerTrack: Training resource; http://www.careertrack.com/index.asp
Carl Perkins programs: Programs funded by the Carl D. Perkins Vocational and Applied Technology
Education Act Amendments of 1990 (Public Law 102-103). Includes the Basic Grant, which focuses
on vocational education and opportunities.
Catalog: The official information of the college listing regulations, requirements and procedures of the
college as well as general information, admissions information, financial information and academic
programs. It is updated once a year and is available in hard copy and on the web at
CCC: Coconino Community College, Coconino County Community College District.
CEG: Course Equivalency Guide.
Census Date: The official date by which the College must report its semester enrollment to the State
Board. See also FTSE date.
Certificate Program: Designed to help students improve existing skills or to prepare students for
entry-level employment. Certificates are awarded after successful completion of a series of specific
courses in vocational areas on three levels: Basic, 1-15 credit hours; Intermediate, 16-25 credit hours;
and Advanced, 26 or more credit hours. Certificates require a cumulative CCC grade point average of 2.00 or higher. Some certificate programs and/or credit hours may be applied toward other certificates
and/or an Associate of Applied Science degree.
CIP Code: The Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) is a federal taxonomy developed by the
US Department of Education and used throughout the nation by government agencies and
processional associations to establish standard terminology and record keeping.
CIS: Computer Information Systems.
CIT: College Instructional Team
Class Schedule: A listing of all classes available for the coming semester, including days and times
of class meetings, name of instructor, building and room, and other registration information.
CLT: College Leadership Team (became PAC)
CLT Plus: CLT and directors, program coordinators (no longer exists)
Co-enrollment: Also called concurrent. Registered at Coconino Community College and at either
NAU or a high school for CCC credit.
Cohort: A group or population of students having a common trait as determined from a certain point
in time. Ex: First time vocational students Fall 1999.
COLE: Creating Optimum Learning Environments (Learning Enhancement Center Professional
College: Coconino Community College.
College-Level Basic Skills: Skill levels (reading, writing, computation, study skills, and research
skills) sufficient for students to be successful in college-level courses (i.e. College Composition I,
Common Course: A course that is part of the requirements for the baccalaureate degrees that are
shared or equivalent at the public universities. This is a lower-division course that provides
appropriate preparation for the major. It may be a course in the major, a pre-requisite or core courses.
A common course is a recommended course for majors that articulate with the General Requirements
pathway. A common course is required for majors that articulate with the Special Requirements
pathway. Common Courses are identified by the Articulation Task Forces and are specific for each
academic year. The Course Equivalency Guide is the resource for identifying the appropriate
community college courses that are part of the common course matrix for each major.
Common Course Block: A minimum of six credits of common courses is identified by each
Articulation Task Force for shared or equivalent majors at the public universities. These courses
comprise a "Common Course Block." This block will transfer to the universities and be applied to the
baccalaureate degree for the majors that articulate with the courses. The block will be identified on
the student’s academic transcript. As with all blocks, all credits are applied to toward the university
degree of degrees for which the block articulates whether the credit was awarded for course
completion, assessment of prior learning, or via some other nontraditional learning mode. Students
must achieve a grade of "C" or better in all courses in the block.
Competency-based Format: Any material, instructional program, or curriculum based on criterionreferenced
Completed with a grade of "C" or better: Each of the "blocks" that are part of the transfer model
includes a requirement that the student complete each course within the block be completed with a
grade of "C" or better. "C" is defined as a 2.0 on a 4.0 scale. Courses completed with a grade of less
than "C" may not be included in the block and will not transfer to the public universities.
Completer: CCC student who received either a Basic/Advanced/Technical certificate or an Associate
degree, completed the TGEC, or completed at least 12 CCC credits and was eligible to transfer to
another post-secondary institution (AGEC or TGEC).
Concurrent Enrollment: Taking CCC courses while being enrolled at another institution at the same
time (e.g. high school, Northern Arizona University).
Consent of Instructor: The instructor’s permission is required prior to enrollment in some classes.
This requirement will be listed as an option for a prerequisite for taking the class. You will see this in
some course descriptions in the catalog.
Consortium Agreement: A program which allows a student to benefit from federal and state funds
while concurrently attending 2 educational institutions. The institutions are defined as parent (the one
disbursing the funds), and non-parent (another institution approved by the parent institution).
Contact/Clock Hour: A time unit of instruction consisting of 50 minutes and must be dedicated to
Contingency: For budgetary purposes, the amount of resources reserved for expenditures that may
be required, dependent on the outcome of a future event, such as unexpected expenses.
Continuing Education/Non-Credit Course: Course designed to meet the learning need of a wide
variety of students. Students do not have to meet the same criteria as regular credit-bearing courses,
registration is a simplified process and college credit is not available.
Continuing Education Unit (CEU): May be awarded for participation in individual and professional
development courses, workshops, and seminars. One CEU represents ten contact hours of
Continuing Student: Student enrolled at CCC who was also enrolled the previous (Fall/Spring)
Continuous Accountability Improvement Plan (Perkins III): A local plan resulting from the annual
evaluation of the vocational technical education program. The plan identifies activities, services, and
functions to be carried out to develop, support, and improve the quality of the vocational technical
education program in achieving the state adjusted levels of performance.
Continuous Improvement (Perkins III): The process of systematically planning and measuring
program progress and results toward achieving desired improvements.
Co-requisite: Concurrent enrollment in a specified class.
Core Curriculum: A specific group of courses required to obtain a particular certificate or degree.
Core Quality Indicator: A performance measure based used in the College’s Program Review.
Core Values: Coconino Community College commits its human, physical, and fiscal resources to
accomplishing its mission and purposes by promoting teaching and learning excellence in all its
endeavors. Toward this end the College:
• Places the learner first;
• Emphasizes life-long learning;
• Offers a variety of educational delivery modes;
• Responds to the needs of the communities it serves;
• Engages in partnerships and collaborations within a multicultural world to provide innovative
educational opportunities for its students;
• Promotes the principles of quality improvement and assessment of student learning;
• Supports an environment in which employees experience high levels of job satisfaction; and
• Conducts all its activities in an open, ethical, and responsible manner.
Course Completion: See retention, course.
Course Number: Identifies the level of the class; for example, ENG 101 is the first level of English
while ENG 102 is the next level.
Credit Course: A course for which a student earns semester credits upon completion.
Credit Hour: The unit of credit received upon completion of a course. CCC is on a semester
calendar; Therefore, all credits earned are semester credits.
Curriculum: The approved courses required for a degree or certificate.
Debt Service: The fund from which the interest on and the retirement of principal for outstanding debt
Department: A specific area such as Science, Math or Fine Arts.
DES: Department of Economic Security.
Developmental Courses: Courses intended to raise the student’s skill levels in English writing and
reading and/or math to college-level abilities including the following CCC courses: ENG 060, ENG
029, ENG 030, ENG 031, MAT 055, MAT 087, and MAT121. Generally considered any course below
the level of 100.
DGB: CCC's District Governing Board
District: Coconino County Community College District
Drop Out: CCC student who has not enrolled for three or more years.
Dual Enrollment: A Coconino Community College course taught by a high school faculty at a high
school for college credit.
Educational Goals: Student’s academic reason for attending CCC including: personal growth,
transfer to a university, better job skills, and/or receive a CCC Basic/Advanced Technical certificate or
an Associate degree.
EEC: Economic Estimates Commission - This commission was created by the State legislature to
determine and publish, prior to April of each year, the expenditure limitation for each college district to
ensure its following fiscal year’s budget is in compliance with the allowable limit for expenditures.
ELIT: Extended Learning Implementation Team (a campus technology group)
EMS: Emergency Medical Sciences
Encumbrance: A budget amount committed for future purchases of goods or services. These funds
are set aside upon the issuance of purchase orders, contracts, and/or salary commitments.
Encumbrances are released when the obligations are paid or otherwise extinguished.
EOS: Employee Opinion Survey
ERIC: Educational Resources Information Center
Expenditure: Any authorizations made for the payment or disbursement of funds during the fiscal
Financial Aid Match: The institutional portion of the cost of a sponsored program accounted for
within the restricted fund and financed with district resources.
First Time Student: Entering student who has not previously attended any college or university
credit classes. (See also BANNER)
FLSA: (Federal) Fair Labor Standards Act
FSC: Fire Science
FTE: Full Time Equivalent - Conversion of number of hours authorized for a position into a full-time
equivalent position. For fiscal year 1999/2000, FTE’s are calculated by dividing the number of funded
hours by 2,080 for administrative and staff personnel. One faculty FTE equals the teaching load hours
divided by 15 credit hours per semester.
FTSE: Full Time Student Equivalent equals 15 credit hours per semester. Community college districts
receive State aid appropriations based on FTSE.
Full-Time Student: Student enrolled for twelve or more credit hours in a semester as of the 45th day
of the semester. For financial aid, the measurement is as of the time of enrollment.
Function or Program: Major classification used to summarize similar functional expenditures in the
Current Funds group. The descriptions of these functions follow:
• Academic Support: Expenditures to provide educational support services for the institution’s primary
• Institutional Support Expenditures for: (1) central administrative activities concerned with
management of and long-range planning for the entire institution; (2) fiscal operations; (3)
administrative/academic data processing; (4) employee personnel and records; (5) logistical activities
that provide procurement; (6) insurance and legal matters; (7) other support services to faculty and staff
not operated as auxiliary enterprises; and (8) activities concerned with community relations, including
development and fund raising.
• Instruction: Expenses incurred for instructional activities that are conducted during the academic year
and offered for credit as part of a formal post-secondary educational degree or certificate program.
Coconino Community College Institutional Research and Assessment
• Operation & Maintenance of Plant: Expenditures of current operating funds for the operation and
maintenance of physical plant, such as facility rental, grounds maintenance, custodial services, utilities,
repairs and maintenance.
• Scholarships: Expenditures for student grants financed from restricted and general funds.
• Student Services: Expenditures for the offices of admissions, registrar, financial aid, etc., as well as
activities that contribute to the students’ emotional and physical well being, and promote intellectual,
cultural and social development outside the context of the formal instruction programs.
Fund: An independent accounting entity with a separate self-balancing set of accounts for its assets,
liabilities, fund balance, revenues, expenditures and transfers. Funds with similar characteristics are
combined into fund groups for accounting and reporting purposes.
Fund Balance: The fund balance is the fund equity or portion of each fund’s assets that is available
for use by the District. All of CCC’s fund balances remain on deposit with the State Treasurer’s office
to maximize investment earnings. The increase or decrease in a particular fund balance represents
the difference between revenues and expenditures for any given year. Separate fund balances are
required for each fund in a fund group.
Funds, Current: Accounts for those resources that will be expended in the near term for operating
purposes in performing the primary/support missions of the district. The Current Funds of Coconino
Community College District are the General Fund, Auxiliary Fund, and Restricted Fund.
FUSD: Flagstaff Unified School District
FWS: Federal Work Study
FY: Fiscal Year - A twelve month period of time to which the Annual Budget applies and at the end of which a district determines its financial position and reports the results of its financial transactions.
The fiscal year for the District is July 1 through June 30.
GAAP: Generally Accepted Accounting Principles - Uniform minimum standards of and guidelines for
financial accounting and reporting. They govern the form and content of the basic financial
statements of the District. GAAP for community college districts is promulgated by the American
Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA) in the industry audit guide, Audits of Colleges and
Universities, and publications of the National Association of College and University Business Officers
GC: Grand Canyon
GCNPS: Grand Canyon National Park Service
GED: General Educational Development
General Fund: A fund used to account for all current financial resources not required to be
accounted for in other funds. The General Fund is the group of accounts in which operating and
maintenance expenditures of the District are accounted within.
GIR: Type of requirement; NCA replaced these with “Core Components”; Stood for General
Institutional Requirement – baseline requirements to be considered for accreditation
GO: General Obligation Bonds - Bonds for which the full faith and credit of the District are pledged for
Graduate: CCC student who earned either a Basic/Advanced/Technical certificate or an Associate
degree by meeting the appropriate requirements and filing a graduation application with the College.
Grant: A legal instrument that transfers money, property or anything of value to the District for a
specified purpose. Grant agreements generally specify the maximum amount of funding, the scope of
the work to be done, the grant period and any special conditions applicable to the program. Many
agreements also require some cost sharing by the District. Sources include Federal, State and local
governments and private donors.
GUI: Graphic Users Interface.
HR: Human Resources.
IGA: Intergovernmental Agreement.
ITS: Information technology services. Formerly referred to as IT.
ITV: Interactive Television. Formerly referred to as IITV.
Individualized Vocational Education Plan (IVEP) (Perkins III): Required for each vocational student
who is a member of a special population category and who needs special services in order to
succeed in his/her vocational program. The IVEP is a written plan that specifies the eligible category
in which services are provided and lists the student’s goals, strengths and weaknesses, and the
services required to reach those goals. Examples of services, modifications or accommodations
include; smaller classes, modification to classroom or equipment, alternative assessment
instruments, additional time for completion or tutoring services.
Institutional Effectiveness: The aim of institution-wide processes by which the College plans,
assesses and improves its services as related to its mission. Institutional Effectiveness considers
resources, processes, and results of an educational institution and its programs and services.
IPEDS: Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System. A nationwide survey system for recording various student and institutional data.
JLBC: Joint Legislative Budget Committee
Language Proficiency and Assessment: Proficiency in a language other than English is a
requirement for graduation for many baccalaureate degrees. The level of proficiency is usually
defined by completing two- or four-semesters, depending on the degree and institutional requirement.
A student may be determined as meeting the proficiency through one of the following:
• Completion of an appropriate language course (either a 4th semester language course or one which
requires 4th semester proficiency as a prerequisite);
• Completion of an AP or CLEP language test at the appropriate level;
• Completion of a placement or proficiency test at the appropriate level with the understanding that,
where practical and possible, testing offered at any Arizona university or community college would be
available to any Arizona student seeking to demonstrate proficiency; or Attestation by an appropriate
official as to proficiency in a language where a placement or proficiency test is not available or cannot
be reasonably administered under the option listed above.
Leavers: Students who do not complete a course.
Levy: Imposition of taxes and/or special assessments for the support of government activities.
Mission: Coconino Community College provides personalized and accessible opportunities in higher
education by offering transfer, career and technical programs, and community interest courses.
MOA: Memorandum of Agreement
NACA: Native Americans for Community Action
NACUBO: National Association of College and University Business Officers.
NAU: Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, AZ.
NAz Skills: Northern Arizona Regional Skills Center.
NCA: North Central Association; a regional accrediting body.
Negative Fund Balance: The balance of any one fund that reflects liabilities greater than assets.
New Student: Student enrolled for first time at CCC.
New to Higher Education: See First-time student.
Non-Credit Course: See Continuing Education Course.
Non-traditional learning and process for including on transcript: Students may earn credits that will be included in the transcript for course completion, assessment of prior learning or via some other non-traditional learning mode. The transcript will identify the course equivalency for the credits earned if they are to be included in one of the blocks.
Nontraditional Training and Employment (Perkins III): Occupational training or fields of work for
which individuals from one gender comprise less than 25 percent of the individuals employed in the
workforce. United States Department of Labor data is used to designate vocational technical
education programs as "nontraditional".
Not Approved Program (Perkins III): A vocational technical education program that has failed to
achieve or make substantial quantifiable progress toward meeting the state adjusted levels of
performance. These programs do not qualify to receive federal vocational funds.
NPC: North Northland Pioneer College
OIS: Office Information Systems
Operating Budget: A projected plan of current operations that encompasses both estimated
revenues and estimated expenditures for a fiscal year.
Outcomes: The measurable results of a learning activity or process. Course outcomes (Academic)
indicate what students will learn in a course and how they will be able to demonstrate mastery of
knowledge or skill. Statements concerning learning outcomes are written in observable, measurable
terms, and must be consistent with the course content. (Vocational) Competencies are measurable
proficiencies of knowledge and skills achieved by students upon completion of a course.
Competencies are written in observable terms so that students and instructors understand the
specific skills required in a given course (1999 Curriculum Policy and Procedures Manual).
PAC: President’s Advisory Council; consists of CCC’s Vice Presidents, Deans, and the Public
PACw: PAC work-session where the President may or may not be in attendance and guests may be
invited. PACw also provides guidance in the development of the proposed budget and conveying
information on budget development to constituent groups within the District.
Part-time Student: Student enrolled for less than twelve credit hours in a semester as of the 45th
day of the semester. For financial aid purposes, the measurement is as of enrollment.
Pathway: Each baccalaureate degree at the public universities has an identified pathway that a
student may follow to successfully transfer without the loss of credits or time to degree. For those
majors that are shared or equivalent, a common pathway has been identified by the Articulation Task
Forces. The common pathway may provide the student with an opportunity to select a major without
requiring the student to select the university s/he plans to attend upon transfer. There are seven
pathways. These include:
• Associate of Arts/General Requirements (AA/GR): For a student who has completed the
requirements of the AA degree, all credits taken to fulfill those requirements will transfer into any of
these majors without loss and will be applicable to university graduation requirements. It is not
necessary for the student to determine which of the majors included in this category will be selected
until matriculation at the university.
• Associate of Arts/Special Requirements (AA/SR): For a student who has completed the
requirements and has completed the specific lower division program requirements, all credits taken to
fulfill those requirements will transfer into any of these majors without loss and will be applicable to
university graduation requirements. The student will likely have to select one of the majors included in
this category by the completion of the first year of study (30 credits).
• Associate of Business/General Requirements (A Bus/GR): For a student who has completed the
requirements of the A Bus degree, all credits taken to fulfill those requirements will transfer into any
business major (excepting Accounting and Computer Information Systems) without loss and will be
applicable to university graduation requirements. It is not necessary for the student to determine which
of the majors included in this category will be selected until matriculation at the university.
• Associate of Business/Special Requirements (A Bus/SR): For a student who has completed the
requirements and has completed the specific lower division program requirements, all credits taken to
fulfill those requirements will transfer into any of these majors without loss and will be applicable to
university graduation requirements. The student will likely have to select one of the majors included in
this category by the completion of the first year of study (30 credits).
• Associate of Science/General Requirements (AS/GR): For a student who has completed the
requirements of the AS degree, all credits taken to fulfill those requirements will transfer into any of
these major without loss and will be applicable to university graduation requirements. It is not
necessary for the student to determine which of the majors included in this category will be selected
until matriculation at the university.
• Associate of Science/Special Requirement. (AS/SR): For a student who has completed the
requirements of the AS degree and has completed the specific lower division program requirements, all
credits taken to fulfill those requirements will transfer into any of these majors without loss and will be
applicable to university graduation requirements. The student will likely have to select one of the majors
included in this category by the completion of the first year of study (30 credits).
• Transfer Guide/Exceptional Requirements (TG/XR): These majors do not qualify for placement in
one of the previous categories for one of more of the following reasons:
o The major is so specialized that it is not possible to accommodate the first two years in any of the
prescribed transfer degree requirements.
o The sequence of program requirements or prerequisites is so strict that a student must begin the
sequence in the freshman year.
o The major is a specialized 2+2-transfer degree articulated under a bilateral agreement between an
individual community college and a university.
PD Day: Professional Development Day
PEAQ: Program to Evaluate and Advance Quality
Persistence: Continuing enrollment in two or more subsequent semester(s) by a student.
Personnel Services: Costs for personnel compensation that includes salaries and benefits.
PIE: Principal Committee for Institutional Effectiveness; Standing committee that oversees
implementation of assessment at CCC.
Plant Fund: Plant funds capture all capital expenditures. The fund consists of Unexpended Plant,
Retirement of Indebtedness and Investment in Plant funds.
PLATO® : An instructional software program that is accounted for in Auxiliary funds. PLATO® is a
registered trademark of The Roach Organization, Inc. (TRO).
Portfolio: A collection of representative student works over a period of time. Portfolios may be used
for evaluation of a student’s abilities and improvement.
Post Secondary Institution (PSI): A public community or technical college, college, university, or
proprietary institution offering certificates, associate degree and/or baccalaureate and/or graduate
Primary Tax Levy: A special tax levied for the purpose of maintaining the District. This tax is levied
for the purposes of operations and maintenance of the District. Reference Arizona Revised Statutes
Primary Tax Rate: The rate per one hundred dollars of net assessed value employed in the levy of
Proficiency Exams: The process used to determine a student’s level in math, English, reading, and
modern languages. Placement tests must be taken before a student can enroll in math and English
classes, and second semester of Spanish.
Program CIP (Classification of Instructional Programs) Code (Perkins III): The code is derived
from the US Department of Education’s standard educational program classification system and
includes a uniform numbering system and description of educational programs. See also CIP codes.
Program Intent: Major, or course of study, designated by the student when enrolling at CCC.
Program Review: A critical self-study designed to systematically review the effectiveness of a
program and the achievements of its students and institutes a follow-through that allows the College
to adapt to change.
Property Taxes: Amounts received from the tax levy on the County’s net assessed valuation.
Provisionally Approved Program (Perkins III): A vocational technical education program that has
failed to achieve the state adjusted levels of performance measures and is operating under an
approved improvement plan.
Purchase Order: A document that authorizes a vendor to deliver specified merchandise or render
certain services at a specified price, place and time.
Purposes: Coconino Community College has identified the following purposes to achieve its
• Economic Development to respond quickly in the advancement of regional economic development
goals through curriculum development and skills training.
• Technology Integration to provide state-of-the-art technological education and training opportunities
for the student body and the community.
• Transfer Education to provide students with the curriculum necessary to transfer to baccalaureategranting
• Occupational Education to provide students with the skills and knowledge necessary to pursue their
occupational careers and/or life goals.
• General Education to provide students in all degree programs with a core of learning opportunities in
reading, writing, quantitative and critical thinking, which provide a solid foundation for lifelong learning
and success in academic, career, and life goals.
• Continuing Education to provide students and constituencies who are not directly served by the
College’s arts and sciences and occupational and professional technologies divisions with learning
• Developmental Education to provide the curriculum necessary to prepare students for college-level
course work and the workplace.
• Student Services to facilitate access to the college and support students’ attainment of educational
• Cultural and Community Service to develop and provide activities and programs that celebrate and
preserve cultural diversity and awareness, encourage volunteer service, support community
awareness, protect public welfare, and support fine and performing arts.
Qualified Faculty: Faculty with educational credentials that testify to appropriate perpetration for the
courses they teach (defined by each district).
Quality Area: One of the five College concerns under which quality indicators are grouped: 1)
Student Profile (ex: Student satisfaction with the program), 2) Curriculum (ex: Advisory Committee
satisfaction with the curriculum), 3) Instruction (ex: Faculty who are qualified), 4) Student
Achievement (ex: Students completing courses), 5) Administration (ex: TBA).
Racial/ethnic group: Classification indicating general racial or ethnic heritage based on selfidentification,
as in data collection by the Bureau of the Census, or on observer identification, as in
data collected by the Office for Civil Rights. These categories are in accordance with the Office of
Management and Budget standard classification scheme presented below:
• American Indian/Alaskan Native: A person having origins in any of the original peoples of North
America and maintaining cultural identification through tribal affiliation or community recognition.
• Asian/Pacific Islander: A person having origins in any of the original peoples of the Far East,
Southeast Asia, the Indian subcontinent, or the Pacific Islands. This area includes, for example, China,
India, Japan, Korea, the Philippine Islands, and Samoa.
• Black: A person having origins in any of the black racial groups in Africa. Normally excludes persons of
Hispanic origin. Those measures that do not exclude persons of Hispanic origin are noted accordingly.
• Hispanic: A person of Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Spanish
culture or origin, regardless of race.
• White: A person having origins in any of the original peoples of Europe, North Africa, or the Middle
East. Normally excludes persons of Hispanic origin.
Readmit: Student who last attended CCC over 3 years ago and is enrolling for an upcoming term;
drop-out who is returning to CCC. Students who are suspended can also be readmitted.
Reliability: The extent to which a test produces results that are dependable, stable, and consistent
when administered to the same individuals on different occasions. A statistical term that defines the
extent to which errors of measurement are absent from a measurement instrument.
Remediation: An activity designed to teach basic competencies in such areas as reading, writing,
oral communications, and mathematics.
Restricted Fund: The Restricted fund is a fund used to account for resources that are expendable
for operating purposes, but restricted by donors or other outside agencies as to specific purpose for
which they may be expended.
Retention, Course: Completion of a course by a student in the term stipulated in the schedule.
Retention, Term-to-Term: Re-enrollment of a student from one semester to the next. Continuing
Retention Fall-to-Fall (Spring-to-Spring): Re-enrollment of a student from one Fall (or Spring) term
to the next Fall (Spring) term.
Retirement of Indebtedness : A fund within the Plant Funds group used to account for the
accumulation of resources for payment of principal, interest, and other debt service charges, including
contributions for sinking funds related to plant fund indebtedness.
Returning Student: Student enrolled at CCC after an absence of one or more semesters.
Revenues: Amounts estimated to be received from taxes, state appropriations, tuition, fees and other
sources during the fiscal year.
SBDC: Small Business Development Center.
SBS: Social Behavioral Sciences
Scholarships: Money provided to students demonstrating special talents, scholastic achievement or
Secondary Tax Levy: A tax levied for the purposes of retirement of debt. Coconino County voters
approved a $25 million bond issue in November, 1997 for the District to build a campus in Flagstaff
and provide distance learning equipment throughout the district.
Self-study: An instrument by which an institution shows an accrediting body that it is achieving its
mission and guides the institution in improving services.
SEOG: Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant.
Special Populations (Perkins III): Eligible categories of students who may receive services in order
to succeed in vocational courses and programs. Services provided must be documented on the
student’s IVEP. Eligible categories include:
• Handicap/Disabled (Perkins III): Means an individual with any disability (as defined in section 3 of the
Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990. (42 U.S.C. 12102).
• LEP (Perkins III): A student with Limited English Proficiency: an adult who has limited ability in
speaking, writing, or understanding the English language, and whose native language is a language
other than English; or who lives in a family or community environment in which a language other than
English is the dominant language.
• Academically Disadvantaged (Perkins III): A student at or below the 25th percentile on a
standardized achievement or aptitude test whose grades are below 2 on a 4 scale, where 4.0 equals an
A; and/or a student who fails to attain minimal academic and vocational competencies.
• Economically Disadvantaged (Perkins III): A family or individual including foster children, whom the
institution identifies as low income (on the basis of uniform methods described in the State plan) and
who requires financial assistance to succeed in vocational technical education. Examples of eligibility
definitions include: Annual income at or below the official poverty line; Eligibility for Aid to Families with
Dependent Children or other public assistance programs; and Eligibility for participation in programs
assisted under Title I of the WIA.
• Nontraditional (Perkins III): A student enrolled in a vocational technical education program that has
been identified as a nontraditional program for his or her gender. (see attached list of nontraditional
• Single Parent (Perkins III): An individual who has custody and responsibility for the support and care
of one or more dependent children under the age of eighteen in the same residence. The individual
only providing child support, but does not provide custodial care, is not considered a single parent for
eligibility purposes. Single pregnant women are included.
• Displaced Homemaker (Perkins III): An individual who:
o Has worked primarily without remuneration to care for a home and family, and for that reason has
diminished marketable skills;
o Has been dependent on the income of another family member but is no longer supported by that
o Is a parent whose youngest dependent child will become ineligible to receive assistance under part
A of title IV of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 601 et seq.) not later than 2 years after the date on
which the parent applies for assistance under this title; and is unemployed or underemployed and is
experiencing difficulty in obtaining or upgrading employment.
SPT: Strategic Planning Team (used to be MVPT, Mission Values Planning Team)
SSIG: State Student Incentive Grant.
Standard: Acceptable performance with respect to a quality indicator. Will be considered a
benchmark in year one.
Stop Out: CCC student with less than a three-year gap in enrollment.
Strategic Planning Goals: Broad, measurable outcomes that will take from one to five years to
Strategic Planning Objectives: Specific and measurable outcomes that can be completed within
one year and are necessary to accomplish Strategic Planning Goals. These are referred to as "goals"
in earlier copies of the CCC Institutional Effectiveness Model.
Strategic Planning Tactics: Functional area level details necessary to accomplish objectives.
Student Academic Achievement: The value added to a student’s knowledge and/or skill level upon
completion of a given course, certificate, or degree program. The measurable results of a learning
activity or process (See also outcomes). Grades alone do not fully reflect student achievement of
Student Success: Completion of a student’s educational goals: Personal growth, knowledge of the
subject, receiving a passing grade, job placement, acceptance to a university, earning a CCC degree
or certificate, and/or ability to critically analyze information as a result of taking a CCC course or courses.
Tech-Prep (Perkins III): An education program of study that combines at least two (2) years of a
secondary Approved Vocational Technical Education Program, two years of postsecondary career
education, and contextual academic education at each level in a non-duplicative sequential course of
study. Approved Tech Prep program of study will include documentation of articulation between
secondary and postsecondary supervised by the Director of the approved local Consortia.
TFAC: Transitional Facilities Advisory Council
TGECC: (See Transfer General Education Curriculum)
TLC: Teaching and Learning Center
Transfer General Education Core Curriculum (TGECC): A block of 41 semester credit hours of
general education coursework that will transfer as a block to meet the lower division general
education requirements at any other public Arizona community college or university. This is
superseded by the AGEC.
Transfer In: Student entering CCC for the first time but known to have previously attended another
post-secondary institution (transfers in).
Transfer Out: CCC student who continues their education at another post-secondary institution
Transfer Return: Students who attend CCC, transfer out and then return.
Transfers (of funds): May be made between funds within a fund group or among two or more fund
groups, and may be either mandatory or non-mandatory. Mandatory transfers result from legal
agreements related to the financing of plant assets and/or from sponsored program agreements with
Federal agencies, donors or other organizations to match gifts or grants. Non-mandatory transfers
are made at the discretion of the District Governing Board to serve a variety of objectives; such as,
additions to loan funds, general or specific plant additions, voluntary renewals and replacement of
plant, and prepayments on debt principal.
UA (or U of A): University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.
Unduplicated Enrollment (Perkins III): Means that a student is counted only once although he/she
may meet more than one criterion.
Unexpended Plant Fund: A fund used to account for resources available to finance the acquisition,
construction or improvement of plant assets. Resources restricted for renewals and replacements of
existing district assets are also recorded in the Unexpended Plant Fund. Expenditures for
construction in progress are accounted for in this fund and the asset is recorded in the Investment in
Plant Fund at the end of the fiscal year.
Unit: See functional area.
Upper/Lower Division Course Criteria:
• Lower-division courses generally focus on foundational theories, concepts, perspectives,
principles, methods, and procedures of critical thinking in order to provide a broad basis for
more advanced courses. The primary intent of lower-division coursework is to equip students
with the general education needed for advanced study, to expose students to the breadth of
different fields of study, and to provide a foundation for specialized upper-division coursework
in professional fields. Such courses have one or more of the following four purposes:
o To acquaint students with the breadth of (inter) disciplinary fields in the arts, humanities, social
sciences, and natural sciences, and to the historical and contemporary assumptions and
practices of professional fields,
o To introduce essential skills of literacy (e.g., information gathering, reading, and writing),
language (e.g., oral communication and language and culture other than English), numeracy,
and sciences to prepare for continuing work in any field of higher education.
o To develop specific occupational skills designed to lead directly to employment based on a twoyear
program of study.
o To lay the foundation for upper-division coursework and to begin development of analytical
thinking and theoretical applications.
• Upper-division courses are specialized, in-depth, and advanced, and emphasize problemsolving,
analytical thinking skills, and theoretical applications. These courses often build on the
foundation provided by the skills and knowledge of lower-division education. Upper-division
courses may require the student to synthesize topics from a variety of sources. Upper-division
courses may also require a greater responsibility, or independence on the part of the student.
Upper-division courses require instructors with specialized knowledge and preparation. Thus,
many intermediate and all advanced baccalaureate courses in a field of study are properly
located in the upper-division. In addition, disciplines that depend heavily on prerequisites or the
body of knowledge of lower-division education may properly be comprised primarily of upperdivision
courses. Such courses have one or more of the following three purposes:
o The in-depth study or application of theories and methods and the understanding of their scope
o The refinement of essential skills associated with the baccalaureate.
o The development of specific intellectual and professional skills designed to lead to postbaccalaureate
employment, graduate study, or professional school.
USAFR: Uniform System of Accounting and Financial Reporting for Arizona Community College
Districts - Describes uniform policies and procedures for accounting and financial reporting by
Arizona community college districts in conformance with statutory requirements and generally
accepted accounting principles as prescribed by the Auditor General in conjunction with the State
Board of Directors for Community Colleges of Arizona pursuant to A.R.S. §15-1428.
USFS: United States Forest Service
VA: Veterans Administration.
Validity: The extent to which a test measures what it was intended to measure. Indicates the degree
of accuracy of either predictions or inferences based upon a test score.
Vision: Coconino Community College is Northern Arizona’s premier learner-centered community for
pursuing your dreams of success.
Vocational Technical Education (Perkins III): Organized educational activities that offer a sequence
of courses that provide individuals with the academic and technical knowledge and skills the
individuals need to prepare for further education and for careers in a current or emerging employment
sectors (other than careers requiring a baccalaureate, master’s or doctoral degree). The program
includes competency-based applied learning that contributes to the academic knowledge, higherorder
reasoning and problem-solving skills, work attitudes, general employability skills, technical
skills, and occupational-specific skills.
Vocational Technical Education Program (Perkins III): A coherent sequence of instruction
designed to deliver occupational related competencies. A program is directly related to the
preparation of individuals for employment in an occupation. Approved and provisionally approved
programs qualify for federal funding.